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In a significant stride towards enhancing road safety, India is all set to embrace the Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (Bharat NCAP) from October 1, 2023. This groundbreaking initiative aims to elevate vehicular safety standards, paving the way for a safer driving experience for Indian citizens. In this comprehensive article, we delve into the intricacies of the Bharat NCAP, its key features, implications, and the road ahead.

All you need to know about Bharath NCAP

Understanding the Bharat NCAP

The Bharat NCAP is designed to be a comprehensive safety assessment program for vehicles in India. While participation in the testing is voluntary for car manufacturers, the program wields its influence by selecting popular models (vehicles with more than 30,000 units sold) randomly for assessment. This approach ensures that a significant portion of vehicles on Indian roads is subject to stringent safety evaluations.

Scope and Applicability

The program primarily targets the M1 vehicle category, encompassing passenger vehicles with seating capacities of up to eight individuals and a gross weight not exceeding 3,500 kilograms. This includes a vast array of cars, from compact vehicles to SUVs. The vehicles will be evaluated based on three critical aspects: Adult Occupant Protection (AOP), Child Occupant Protection (COP), and Safety Assist Technologies (SAT).

Safety Criteria and Testing Procedures

The assessment focuses on the baseline variants of vehicles, evaluating the standard safety features they offer. However, authorities retain the right to specify a particular variant for testing. The SAT evaluation includes crucial safety components like Electronic Stability Control (ESC), pedestrian protection, side head protection, and seat belt reminders. These factors play a pivotal role in determining a vehicle’s safety quotient.

Implications and Progress

The Bharat NCAP signifies India’s commitment to aligning its automotive safety standards with global benchmarks. The testing speeds for the assessments mirror international standards, showcasing India’s dedication to ensuring the accuracy and reliability of the program. Notably, the program aims to enhance pedestrian safety, although the specific norms for pedestrian impact tests are yet to be disclosed.

Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari, revealed that the indigenous NCAP program has already garnered 30 models for testing. This enthusiastic response from manufacturers highlights the industry’s readiness to prioritize safety. Additionally, the program’s future roadmap includes expanding its jurisdiction to encompass larger vehicles, a move that could have far-reaching effects on road safety.


The launch of the Bharat NCAP heralds a new era for vehicular safety in India. By combining voluntary participation with random selections, the program ensures a significant impact on the safety standards of vehicles traversing Indian roads. With a focus on AOP, COP, and SAT evaluations, the program is poised to set a new benchmark for safety in the automotive sector. As India takes the lead in prioritizing road safety, the Bharat NCAP emerges as a transformative initiative that promises a safer and more secure driving environment for all.

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Mansoor Ali, a Feature Writer, embarked on his journey five years ago with, fueled by his enthusiasm for cars. Starting as an eager journalist, he quickly became a seasoned professional, expanding his expertise to cover both bikes and cars. (Full Bio)